DYSGRAPHIA: What is Dysgraphia

DYSGRAPHIA: What is Dysgraphia

The GREAT DEBATE occurs every year:

“Am I expecting too much of my student, or not enough?”

“Is this groaning and moaning about writing just a discipline problem, or ‘character issue’ or is there really a problem here?”

Common comments I hear from home school moms are:

“She can tell me the answers orally well, but then it takes her an hour to write it down!”

“When he writes his spelling words to learn them, he leaves letters out of the words.”

“If he dictates to me, the story is great, but he can’t write it himself.”

“His dad says that he’s just lazy and unmotivated.  He can do his work if he really tries.”

One of the most common and most misdiagnosed processing problems in children is a blocked writing gate.  This is the number one processing glitch in gifted children.  Many of these children seem to be “allergic” to their pencil.  They break out in whining as soon as they get a pencil or pen in their hand.

Let’s look at what is happening in the brain of this child, when he is asked to write something.   Our left-brain hemisphere is designed to concentrate on learning a new task, such as driving a car, or riding a bike. After some concentrated practice, that task is then supposed to transfer over the brain midline into the right brain, which is responsible for the automaticity of the process.  If we imagine the left brain hemisphere as the “Concentrating Brain” and the right hemisphere as the “Automatic Brain,” we can see how this transfer allows us to “think and do” at the same time.  Generally, when we teach a child how to write, after six months of practice that writing crosses over into the automatic brain hemisphere so the child can “think and write” at the same time.  For many children, this transfer does not easily occur. Thus, they have to expend so much more battery energy, or level of concentration to a writing task than other children.  Dr. Mel Levine in his book, One Mind at a Time, calls these learning blocks, “energy leaks.”

This particular blocked learning gate or “energy leak” can be called a grapho-motor processing problem, a visual/motor integration problem, a fine motor problem or dysgraphia.

This often explains the mystery of why many children and students learn their spelling words easily by writing them in a workbook or writing them five times each, and another child can write his words hundreds of times and still not store the spelling word in his long term memory.  Now we realize that this struggling child has to use his “battery energy” just for the writing process, so the spelling words cannot be transferred into the right brain, where our long-term memory is stored.  Thus, the method of copying to learn is totally ineffective for this child.  Our job is to recognize this, and to help him open up his writing gate.  This can easily be done in the home setting.

Let’s look at some of the symptoms these children who have a blocked writing gate are presenting to us daily:

  1. Frequent or occasional reversals in letters (after age 7)
  2. Makes many letters from bottom to top (vertical reversals)
  3. Writing is very labor intensive
  4. Copying is poor, takes a long time…or is like artwork
  5. Mixes capital and small letters in writing
  6. Great stories orally, but writes very little
  7. Does all math problem mentally to avoid writing them down
  8. Lining up numbers in multiplication or division is difficult

No child has all of these characteristics, but if your child or student has several, you may consider that this is an area that he or she is struggling in. 

Compensation:

When a parent or teacher recognizes that this child has a blocked learning gate, and is just not being sloppy or resistant to writing without a reason, then some steps can be taken to alleviate some of the writing burden on the child, until the problem can be corrected.

  1. Reduce the amount of writing a child needs to do during the day.  Do more answers for chapter questions orally.  Limit the amount of writing in workbooks.
  2. Reduce or eliminate copying for 3-4 months.  Save the child’s battery energy” for writing paragraphs or papers and doing math.
  3. Use another method of learning spelling words that does not include writing in a workbook, or multiple times.  Right Brain Spelling, using a child’s Photographic Memory is an excellent way to teach spelling without writing. (Available for free on my website)
  4. Teach the child keyboarding for some writing projects.  However, it is important to remember that most children who have dysgraphia also find keyboarding quickly quite labor intensive also, so it is not a complete answer.

Correction

It is important to not just compensate for this writing glitch, but to also take steps to eliminate this, so the child can experience fluency in the writing process.  There are various methods that can be successfully used at home to correct this writing-processing problem.  Here is the method I found to be the least expensive, while being the most effective for eliminating dysgraphia or any writing or visual/spatial glitch:

  1. The DVD, “Smart Kids Who Hate to Write” demonstrates a daily exercise to do at home or in a tutoring session that crosses the midline to open the child’s writing gate, which increases writing fluency and eliminates reversals. This daily 15-minute exercise rehabilitates the Visual/Spatial system. No more left/right confusion!
  2. Use the Daily Lesson Plans for the Struggling Writer and Speller. This includes the daily method that Dianne used with her bright students with a glitch when teaching them in a school setting. At the end of the year they were all writing short papers, and their spelling had improved by 3 years.  This is a free download on Dianne’s website.  (Ages 1st-9th grades). Teachers, tutors and parents can easily use this.

A child can have a learning glitch, or block in a learning gate, that causes him to struggle everyday with schoolwork, without the parents’ knowledge.  Using some simple checklists, the parent can identify this problem, and design the school day to be less frustrating.  More importantly the parent can avail herself of all the wonderful corrective techniques available, so that the child does not need to struggle with the burden of having to work so hard at writing, or with a dysgraphia.  God has wonderful answers for us.  He leads us in so many ways, and we are ever grateful!

What is the difference between Dyslexia and Dysgraphia?

This is often confusing for parents.  Simply put, Dyslexia involves much difficulty reading and spelling.  Dysgraphia involves much difficulty writing.  Many children/teenagers with Dyslexia often have an accompanying Dysgraphia.    They write almost no sentences from memory, since their right, visual hemisphere is not storing words efficiently.  They have to think about the directionality of the letters, rather than the content of the writing.  Kids with Dyslexia almost always also have Dysgraphia also.     However, many kids who do not have Dyslexia, and in fact, may read way above grade level have just the Dysgraphia.  See my article, “Smart Kids Who Hate to Write” on my website to see this subject described in depth.  Be assured, this issue is also easy to correct at home.

Links: Daily Lesson Plan for the Struggling Writer/Speller

Coming Soon to Our Website StoreDysgraphia Package: Alternative Language Arts Curriculum for the next school year! Easily correct your child’s symptoms of Dysgraphia and a blocked writing gate while also implementing a WHOLE NEW healing teaching method.

Package Includes:

  • Dysgraphia Correction Manual (midline exercise and all-important brain training)
  • Smart Kids Who Hate to Write DVD (demonstration of powerful midline exercise with a group of children, a younger child, and a teenager)
  • Writing Eight Sheet Template
  • Right Brain Paragraph and Composition Writing DVD and Instructional Booklet (one paper a week, also addresses grammar)
  • Teaching the Right Brain Child DVD and Study Guide (spelling, vocabulary & more)
  • 1200 Most Commonly Used Spelling words List
  • Sample set of Dolch Right Brain Sight Word Cards
  • Smart Kids Who Hate to Write Canvas Bag.
2018-06-19T08:32:11+00:00All Posts, Dysgraphia|